1. When an electric current passes through two resistors with resistance and , connected in parallel, the combined resistance, , can be calculated from the equation . Find the rate at which the combined resistance changes with respect to changes in . Assume that is constant.
2. A museum has decided to sell one of its paintings and invest the proceeds. If the picture is sold between the years 2000 and 2020 and the money from the sale is invested in a bank account earning 5% interest per year compounded annually, then , the balance in the year 2020, depends on the year, , in which the painting is sold and the sale price . If is measured from the year 2000 so that then .
a. Explain why is given by this formula.
b. Show that the formula for is equivalent to .
c. Find , given that and .
3. Let be the gas consumption (in liters/km) of a car going at velocity (in km/hr). In other words, tell you how many liters of gas the car uses to go one kilometer, if it is going at velocity . You are told that and .
a. Let be the distance the same car goes on one liter of gas at velocity . What is the relationship between and ? Find and .
b. Let be the gas consumption in liters per hour. In other words, tell you how many liters of gas the car uses in one hour if it is going at velocity . What is the relationship between and ? Find and .
c. How would you explain the practical meaning of the values of these functions and their derivatives to a driver who knows no calculus?